Organic Acid Solubility: Step 1 of 3

Extraction of an acid with a base using a separatory funnel is demonstrated. In this initial step, the aqueous and organic solvents along with an indicator are added to the funnel.

Copper penny with concentrated nitric acid

The reaction of a copper penny (minted pre-1982) and concentrated nitric acid (15 M) is shown. Red-brown nitrogen dioxide is generated and some of the copper dissolves to form a blue solution of copper(II) nitrate.