JCE 92.04—April 2015 Issue Highlights

Journal of Chemical Education April 2015 Cover

Chemists Celebrate Earth Day

The April 2015 issue of the Journal of Chemical Education is now available online for subscribers.  This issue features articles on atmospheric and environmental chemistry in honor of Chemists Celebrate Earth Day. Also featured in this issue are: microfluidic devices; problem-solving strategies; information literacy; kinetics & thermodynamics; investigations of gases and organic synthesis; outreach.

Cover: Dry Ice in Water

When dry ice is placed in water a thick, white fog forms that is reminiscent of miniature atmospheric clouds. In contrast to what is commonly assumed, this this rich, cloudy fog does not arise from condensation of atmospheric water vapor. In A Molecular Explanation of How the Fog Is Produced when Dry Ice Is Placed in Water, Thomas S. Kuntzleman, Nathan Ford, Jin-Hwan No, and Mark E. Ott present strikingly simple experiments that provide insight into the origin of the water in this fog and also some basic physicochemical processes involved in its formation. Many of these experiments can be carried out using materials found at the pharmacy, grocery store, or hardware store. The explanations involved draw from many concepts taught in general chemistry, such as vapor pressure and Le Châtelier’s principle.

Atmospheric and Environmental Chemistry 

Editorial Atmopheric scientists, Vicki H. Grassian and Elizabeth A. Stone, discuss Chemistry’s Contributions to Our Understanding of Atmospheric Science and Climate and provide supplementary materials to help teach climate science in a "Chemistry and Climate Activity Kit".

Commentary The Anthroposphere, Material Flow Analysis, and Chemical Education ~ Craig J. Donahue

Book Review Review of Chemistry of Sustainable Energy ~ Cherie Turner

Chemical Education Research General Chemistry Students’ Understanding of Climate Change and the Chemistry Related to Climate Change ~ Ashley N. Versprille and Marcy H. Towns


Development and Implementation of a Series of Laboratory Field Trips for Advanced High School Students To Connect Chemistry to Sustainability ~ Katherine B. Aubrecht, Linda Padwa, Xiaoqi Shen, Gloria Bazargan

A General Chemistry Assignment Analyzing Environmental Contamination for the DePue, IL, National Superfund Site ~ Sarah A. Saslow Gomez, Danielle Faurie-Wisniewski, Arlen Parsa, Jeff Spitz, Jennifer Amdur Spitz, Nancy C. Loeb, Franz M. Geiger

Activity “Will It Rain?” Activities Investigating Aerosol Hygroscopicity and Deliquescence ~ L. Caetano-Silva, A. G. Allen, M. L. A. M. Campos, A. A. Cardoso

Demonstration Demonstrating Online Monitoring of Air Pollutant Photodegradation in a 3D Printed Gas-Phase Photocatalysis Reactor ~ Bozhidar I. Stefanov, Delphine Lebrun, Andreas Mattsson, Claes G. Granqvist, Lars Österlund

Laboratory Experiments

Showcasing Chemical Engineering Principles through the Production of Biodiesel from Spent Coffee Grounds ~Sophie Bendall, Max Birdsall-Wilson, Rhodri Jenkins, Y.M. John Chew, Christopher J. Chuck

Hydrogen Storage Experiments for an Undergraduate Laboratory Course—Clean Energy: Hydrogen/Fuel Cells ~ Alla Bailey, Lisa Andrews, Ameya Khot, Lea Rubin, Jun Young, Thomas D. Allston, Gerald A. Takacs

An Oil Spill in a Tube: An Accessible Approach for Teaching Environmental NMR Spectroscopy ~ André J. Simpson, Perry J. Mitchell, Hussain Masoom, Yalda Liaghati Mobarhan, Antonio Adamo, Andrew P. Dicks

A Simplified Digestion Protocol for the Analysis of Hg in Fish by Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy ~ Kathleen E. Kristian, Scott Friedbauer, Donika Kabashi, Kristen M. Ferencz, Jennifer C. Barajas, Kelly O’Brien

Introducing Students to Feedstock Recycling of End-of-Life Silicones via a Low-Temperature, Iron-Catalyzed Depolymerization Process ~ Peter Döhlert, Maik Weidauer, Raphael Peifer, Stephan Kohl, Stephan Enthaler

Organocatalytic Ring-Opening Polymerization of Trimethylene Carbonate To Yield a Biodegradable Polycarbonate ~ Julian M. W. Chan, Xiangyi Zhang, Megan K. Brennan, Haritz Sardon, Amanda C. Engler, Courtney H. Fox, Curtis W. Frank, Robert M. Waymouth, James L. Hedrick

Diels–Alder Reaction Using a Solar Irradiation Heat Source Designed for Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratories ~ Shikha Amin, Ashley Barnes, Courtney Buckner, Jordan Jones, Mattie Monroe, Leon Nurmomade, Taylor Pinto, Samuel Starkey, Brian M. Agee, David J. Crouse, Daniel J. Swartling

Microfluidic Devices and Micromaterials in the Laboratory

Fabrication of a Paper-Based Microfluidic Device To Readily Determine Nitrite Ion Concentration by Simple Colorimetric Assay ~ Bo Wang, Zhiqiang Lin, Min Wang

Cost Effective Paper-Based Colorimetric Microfluidic Devices and Mobile Phone Camera Readers for the Classroom ~ Myra T. Koesdjojo, Sumate Pengpumkiat, Yuanyuan Wu, Anukul Boonloed, Daniel Huynh, Thomas P. Remcho, Vincent T. Remcho

Student-Fabricated Microfluidic Devices as Flow Reactors for Organic and Inorganic Synthesis ~ Z. Vivian Feng, Kate R. Edelman, Benjamin P. Swanson

Undergraduate Laboratory Module for Implementing ELISA on the High Performance Microfluidic Platform ~ Basant Giri, Ravichander R. Peesara, Naoki Yanagisawa, Debashis Dutta

Microbeads and Engineering Design in Chemistry: No Small Educational Investigation ~ Adam Hoffman and Ken Turner

Problem-Solving Strategies

Article Chunking Strategy as a Tool for Teaching Electron Configuration ~ Chandan Adhikary, Sibananda Sana, and K.N. Chattopadhyay

Chemical Education Research Making Sense of Students’ Actions in an Open-Ended Virtual Laboratory Environment ~ Ya’akov (Kobi) Gal, Oriel Uzan, Robert Belford, Michael Karabinos, David Yaron

Information Literacy

Introducing Scientific Literature to Honors General Chemistry Students: Teaching Information Literacy and the Nature of Research to First-Year Chemistry Students ~ Ignacio J. Ferrer-Vinent, Margaret Bruehl, Denise Pan, Galin L. Jones

An Organic Chemistry Exercise in Information Literacy Using SciFinder ~ Bonnie J. M. Swoger and Eric Helms

Kinetics & Thermodynamics

The Importance of Kinetic Metastability: Some Common Everyday Examples ~ William B. Jensen

Decay Kinetics of UV-Sensitive Materials: An Introductory Chemistry Experiment ~ Garrhett Via, Chelsey Williams, Raymond Dudek, John Dudek

Learning Chemistry from Good and (Why Not?) Problematic Results: Kinetics of the pH-Independent Hydrolysis of 4-Nitrophenyl Chloroformate ~ Omar A. El Seoud, Paula D. Galgano, Elizabeth P. G. Arêas, Jamille M. Moraes

Are the Concepts of Dynamic Equilibrium and the Thermodynamic Criteria for Spontaneity, Nonspontaneity, and Equilibrium Compatible? ~ Lee J. Silverberg  and Lionel M. Raff

An Alternative Presentation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics ~ Sangyoub Lee, Kyusup Lee, Jiyon Lee

The Meaning of Δ ~ G. M. Anderson

Laboratory Experiments To Study Gases

Development, Construction, and Operation of a Multisample Volumetric Apparatus for the Study of Gas Adsorption Equilibrium ~ Rui P. P. L. Ribeiro, Ricardo J. S. Silva, Isabel A. A. C. Esteves, José P. B. Mota

Measuring the Speed of Sound through Gases Using Nitrocellulose ~ Karen Sinclair Molek, Karl A. Reyes, Brandon A. Burnette, Jacob R. Stepherson

Organic Chemistry Investigations

Proper Resonance Depiction of Acylium Cation: A High-Level and Student Computational Investigation ~ Brian J. Esselman and Nicholas J. Hill

Diastereoselective Allylation of N-tert-Butanesulfinyl Imines: An Asymmetric Synthesis Experiment for the Undergraduate Organic Laboratory ~ Xiao-Yang Chen, Li-Sen Sun, Xiang Gao, Xing-Wen Sun

An Advanced Organometallic Lab Experiment with Biological Implications: Synthesis and Characterization of Fe2(μ-S2)(CO)6 ~ Jacob Barrett, Ariana Spentzos, Carmen Works

From the Archives: Outreach

Using peer or near-peer mentors can be an effective way to do science outreach, as discussed in the article: Collaboration and Near-Peer Mentoring as a Platform for Sustainable Science Education Outreach ~ Michael D. Pluth, Shannon W. Boettcher, George V. Nazin, Ann L. Greenaway, and Matthew D. Hartle. In past issues of the Journal, examples of high school students teaching younger students about science include:

The Science Mentor: An Adventure in Chemistry Education ~ Amy Huseth

An Elementary Outreach Program-Have Demo Will Travel ~ James Swim

Employing Popular Children’s Literature To Teach Elementary School Chemistry: An Engaging Outreach Program ~ Laura M. Wally, Nancy E. Levinger, and David W. Grainger

JCE Provides the Right Atmosphere for Interesting, Innovative Ideas

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