Endothermic and Exothermic Activity

candy

Endothermic and exothermic reactions and processes are a common topic in chemistry class. This activity provides examples that can be done with household materials.

Concepts: 
endothermic/exothermic
Concepts: 

endothermic reactions, exothermic reactions

Procedure time: 
30 minutes
Prep time: 
10 minutes
Time required: 

20 minutes

Materials: 

Pixie Stix candy (or other powdered candy containing citric acid…like Fun Dip), chunks of potato, 3.5% H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide), H2O, thermometers.

Background: 

1.     Define endothermic reaction and exothermic reaction.

2.     Why is citric acid commonly found in candy? 

3.     Research the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide and catalysts of that decomposition. Write the decomposition reaction here.

4.     Read through the procedure. Using a separate piece of paper, prepare a data table to record all the required information. This pre-lab will be checked by the teacher before you will be allowed to begin the lab.

5.     Predict the results of the reactions. 

Procedure: 

1.  Obtain 2 test tubes. Label one A and the other B.

2.  Add 10 ml of H2O to test tube A and record the temperature.

3.  Add 2 grams of candy to test tube A. (The solid does not all need to dissolve.) Record the temperature every 10 seconds until the temperature is constant for 3 recorded temps. Record any other observations you notice.

4.  Add 10 ml of H2O2 to test tube B and record the temperature.

5.  Add 2 grams of potato to test tube B. Record the temperature every 10 seconds until the temperature is constant for 3 recorded temps. Record any other observations you notice.

Questions: 
  1. Explain the transfer of energy that takes place in each reaction system.
    • Citric acid and water?

       

    • Hydrogen peroxide and potato?

       

  2. Identify if the reactions observed were endothermic or exothermic.
    • Citric acid and water?

       

    • Hydrogen peroxide and potato?

       

  3. Optional: Consider the results of this activity. Identify a question that you can explore with the same materials. Write a procedure and create a data table in preparation.

     

Preparation: 

10 minutes to get out test tubes, thermometers and candy.

Attribution: 

You can find several examples of these reactions in a google search. One example is at the Beyond Benign Web site.

Collection: 

Safety

General Safety

For Laboratory Work: Please refer to the ACS .  

For Demonstrations: Please refer to the ACS Division of Chemical Education .

Other Safety resources

: Recognize hazards; Assess the risks of hazards; Minimize the risks of hazards; Prepare for emergencies

 

NGSS

Students who demonstrate understanding can develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.

*More information about all DCI for HS-PS1 can be found at  and further resources at .

Summary:

Students who demonstrate understanding can develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.

Assessment Boundary:

Assessment does not include calculating the total bond energy changes during a chemical reaction from the bond energies of reactants and products.

Clarification:

Emphasis is on the idea that a chemical reaction is a system that affects the energy change. Examples of models could include molecular-level drawings and diagrams of reactions, graphs showing the relative energies of reactants and products, and representations showing energy is conserved.